O Buona Vista
In 1497 when John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) first made landfall in Newfoundland sailing from Bristol in his ship the Matthew, he is said to have exclaimed 'O Buona Vista', giving the name to Cape Bonavista. The Cape Bonavista lighthouse was built in 1842 and is a Provincial Historic Site. The light is build on a stone base, just visible above the wooden house. The light which was originally used in Scotland’s Isle of May Lighthouse, dates to 1895 and consists of six Argand burners and parabolic reflectors (originally using seal oil, now electrified) and revolved to produce two white flashes followed by one red flash, every thirty seconds for a total interval of 90 seconds. The red and white pattern of the light is reproduced in the red and white stripes of the building.
Since I was unfamiliar with Arcand burners, I did some research on them and found the following: "In 1782, François-Pierre Ami Argand (1750-1803), a Swiss born physicist living in France, invented the double draft burner, which became known as the Argand oil lamp. Argand’s design used two thin metal tubes with one set inside the other. The wick was placed between these tubes and was thus formed into a long hollow cylinder. Air was allowed to enter the center of the wick through holes placed in the oil drip-cup attached to the bottom of the wick tubes. Air was also allowed to enter around the outside of the outer wick tube, through holes in the bottom of the chimney holder. Argand’s design provided much more oxygen to the flame, more efficient fuel combustion, and a much brighter light. Argand also invented the use of a chimney, which helped to provide additional airflow over the wick and protected the flame from outside air currents, which could make it flicker."
Cape Bonavista lighthousered and white stripesProvincial Historic SiteJohn CabotArgand burners
From Western Brook Pond to Cape Bonavista